Early and Late Dental Implant Failure and Problems


A dental implant is a surgically placed metal post that supports a prosthetic tooth. Once the implant is in place, a restorative dentist or oral surgeon attaches a replacement tooth.

Although dental implants have a high success rate, some patients encounter dental implant failure. It is estimated that 5 to 10% of dental implants fail immediately after the treatment or months or years afterward.

If you're having dental implant surgery or already have one, here's what you need to know about implant failure and other potential risks.

Early dental implant failure and problems

Problems or consequences from dental implant surgery can occur immediately or years later. Early dental failure happens between three and four months after the surgery.

Remember that you will suffer some pain or discomfort following surgery, which you may manage with pain medication. Even so, consult your physician if the pain does not go away after five to seven days. It takes between three and six months to fully recover.

While pain and swelling are typical after surgery, keep a watch out for the following complications:

Infection at the implant site

Infections can occur during or after surgery. An autoimmune condition, smoking, and poor dental hygiene are all risk factors for infection.

Implant micro-movements

When dental implants lack stability, such as after an instant tooth replacement, micro-movements might develop.

A prosthetic tooth is often only linked to an implant once the jaw bone has adequately integrated with the implant. However, a surgeon may do an immediate tooth replacement following implantation in specific cases.

This procedure involves fewer medical visits, but it may put additional strain on the implant and cause it to fail.

Insufficient bone support

Early-stage failure can also occur when there is insufficient bone to sustain a dental implant, but the treatment is completed regardless. The implant cannot merge with the jaw if there is insufficient bone.

Allergic reaction

If you are allergic to titanium alloy, a metal used in some dental implants, you may experience a reaction. An allergy can cause swelling, loss of taste, and possibly a tingling feeling.

Inform your oral surgeon about your titanium allergy. You will require an implant made of a different substance.

Failure to follow your doctor's instructions

Your actions and behaviors also have an impact. To reduce the chance of problems, you must follow your surgeon's post-surgery instructions. You may be told to eat soft meals, exercise good oral hygiene, and avoid hard candy until the implant site heals.

Late dental implant failure and problems

Dental implant surgery can be a quick success, with issues appearing years later.

Here are some long-term dental implant complications:

  • When a surgeon implants too close to a nerve, it might cause nerve or tissue damage. Numbness or tingling in the tongue, lips, gums, or face are injury symptoms.
  • Foreign body rejection is uncommon, although it does occur. This is the process by which the body rejects an implant. Increased discomfort at the implant site, edema, fever, and chills are all signs of rejection.
  • An upper jaw dental implant may extend into the sinus cavity.
  • An injury to the area surrounding a dental implant may cause the implant to loosen and fail.

Continue to practice proper hygiene and maintain your mouth, implants, and gums healthy to reduce the possibility of long-term complications. Brush and floss at least twice a day, rinse your mouth with mouthwash and schedule regular dental examinations.

What are the signs of dental implant failure?

If you experience early or late-stage dental implant failure, the following symptoms may indicate a complication:

  • increased swelling
  • difficulty chewing
  • loosening of an implant or a replaced tooth
  • gum inflammation
  • severe pain or discomfort
  • gum recession
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Tuesday, 21 May 2024