Conservative Approaches to Varicose Vein Treatment


Compression therapy and medicines are two forms of conservative treatment for varicose veins. Some specialists consider sports and vein training to be conservative therapy options, too. However, none of these conservative techniques permanently eliminate varicose veins; they just alleviate the symptoms.

Medications to Treat Varicose Veins

Anyone who has varicose veins but does not want them removed by a doctor will first attempt to treat the veins symptomatically. Sprays, ointments, and gels can be applied to the skin, while tablets and capsules can be swallowed. Most venous products for external application have not been clinically proven to be effective therefore their usage remains controversial.

On the other hand, scientific evidence supports the efficacy of oral anti-swelling medicines in reducing symptoms and preventing fluid accumulation in the legs. However, these drugs will not make the varicose veins disappear. See your vein doctor as soon as possible for a complete evaluation, as vein disease is progressive and can lead to consequences.

Symptom Relief With Anti-Swelling Agents

Varicose veins are caused by changes in the vein walls that make them more permeable to blood components such as proteins. Furthermore, the chronically increased blood volume and high pressure of sick veins cause larger volumes of watery fluid to escape the veins and gather in the tissues.

Anti-swelling medicines decrease the pathological (abnormal) permeability of the vein wall and prevent fluid buildup. Within a few weeks, studies have indicated a reduced leg volume (i.e., decreased edema). Evidence of enhanced circulation, improved oxygen exchange in the tiniest blood vessels (capillaries), and cell protection against free radicals also exists.

Anti-swelling medicines are available in pharmacies and have traditionally been used to alleviate oedema, relieve leg heaviness and swelling, and treat fatigued legs. These agents work best when used as soon as possible and regularly. However, vein pills cannot and should not be used in place of professional medical care from a doctor.

Compression Therapy to Put Pressure on Varicose Veins

Compression therapy is the foundation of conservative treatment for varicose veins and its consequences. It is also used to treat lymphoedema and to avoid thrombosis.

Consistently wearing compression stockings or bandages is an excellent treatment for all venous disorders, especially in the advanced stages that induce symptoms.

The stockings or bandages apply continual local pressure to the leg, compressing the veins, particularly those that are unhealthy and dilated. Compression partially restores valve function, promotes the operation of the muscular pump, increases the pace of blood (and lymph) flow, and speeds up the return of venous blood to the heart. It slows blood flow in the wrong direction, decreases fluid accumulation in the tissues, and alleviates the accompanying symptoms.

Compression can be done using bandages or compression stockings, which are more effective in most cases.

Wearing compression stockings regularly can thereby alleviate the symptoms of prominent varicose veins and delay or alleviate consequences. Continuous compression therapy is essential because varicose veins do not dissolve on their own. If compression stockings are not worn regularly, the symptoms worsen.

Compression therapy is frequently utilized in conjunction with other forms of treatment. In order to achieve the optimum outcomes, compression stockings or bandages should be worn for a few days to many weeks after varicose vein treatment. You and your doctor can decide on the best compression therapy for you.

Compression bandages have several advantages over compression stockings:

  • A compression bandage works faster and is more effective than a stocking;
  • Compression stockings are difficult to put on, particularly for the elderly. Having the doctor apply a bandage is more comfortable for the patient;
  • Compression stockings are often not worn overnight, requiring daily application and removal. Compression bandages can be worn day and night for a week;
  • Compression bandages, unlike compression stockings, can be used to treat skin disorders;
  • Compression bandages are designed to accommodate the particular shape of the leg; if the circumference of the leg shrinks, the bandage can simply be reapplied.
  • In cases of musculoskeletal injury, compression bandages can also be utilized for support and fixation.

Their disadvantages are:

  • Bandages have a less aesthetic look;
  • Patients cannot apply compression bandages on their own; a doctor's appointment is required.
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Tuesday, 21 May 2024