9 Common Causes of Gum Recession and Ways to Prevent Them


Gum recession, also known as gingival recession, is a condition in which gum tissue gradually recedes, exposing the tooth roots. It is a widespread dental issue that affects people of all ages. Gum recession not only affects the look of your smile, but if left untreated, it may also cause tooth sensitivity, an increased risk of tooth decay, and even tooth loss. In this article, we will explore nine common causes of gum recession and discuss effective preventive measures to maintain healthy gums and oral hygiene.

1. Poor oral hygiene

Insufficient oral hygiene is one of the leading causes of gum recession. Inadequate brushing, poor flossing techniques, and ignoring regular dental checkups allow plaque and tartar to accumulate along the gum line, resulting in gum irritation and recession. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, floss daily, and see your dentist for professional cleanings and check-ups on a regular basis to avoid problems.

2. Aggressive brushing

Brushing your teeth aggressively, believe it or not, can lead to gum recession. Brushing too hard can wear away the sensitive gum tissue, causing it to recede over time. To avoid this, brush with a soft-bristled toothbrush in gentle, circular motions. Don't use too much force or a toothbrush with a firm bristle, which might injure your gums.

3. Gum disease

Periodontal conditions, including gingivitis and periodontitis, play a significant role in gum recession. These disorders are caused by bacterial infection and inflammation of the gums and nearby tissues. Gum disease, if left untreated, may weaken the supporting structures of the teeth, resulting in gum recession. Maintain proper oral hygiene, see your dentist on a regular basis, and get treatment as soon as you notice any symptoms of gum disease, such as bleeding gums, chronic bad breath, or gum swelling.

4. Tobacco use

Tobacco use, whether smoking or using other types of tobacco, has serious effects on oral health, including an increased risk of gum recession. Tobacco smoking reduces blood flow to the gums, inhibits the immune system's reaction to infection, and slows tissue recovery. Quitting smoking or using tobacco in any form is critical for general dental health and preventing gum recession.

5. Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes, such as those observed during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, can make the gums more sensitive and prone to recession. To reduce the risk of gum recession, it is critical to maintain proper oral hygiene throughout these times and to be proactive when seeking dental care.

6. Teeth grinding and clenching

Bruxism, or the habit of grinding or clenching a person's teeth, can put significant strain on the gums, causing them to recede over time. The persistent pressure and friction can progressively cause the gum tissue to recede. Consult your dentist if you grind or clench your teeth. They may offer a custom-fitted mouthguard to protect your teeth and gums when sleeping or undergoing stress.

7. Genetic predisposition

Unfortunately, some people may be genetically predisposed to gum recession. If you have a family history of gum disease or gum recession, it is critical that you follow a strict oral hygiene routine and see your dentist on a regular basis for preventative care.

8. Poor nutrition

A healthy diet is essential for keeping healthy gums. A lack of important minerals, such as vitamin C, can weaken gum tissue and make it more prone to recession. Include a wide range of fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and whole grains in your diet to ensure you get the vitamins and minerals you need for good gum health.

9. Misaligned teeth and bite issues

Crooked or misaligned teeth might put too much pressure on certain parts of the gums, producing recession in those areas. Similarly, bite issues, such as an incorrect alignment of the upper and lower jaws, can cause gum recession as a result of unequal pressures created during biting and chewing. To correct misalignment and reduce the risk of gum recession, orthodontic treatment or dental appliances may be prescribed. 

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Sunday, 14 April 2024