7 Gynecological Disorders That Can Affect Your Fertility

 Problems with fertility are quite common for many people. It is important to know that both men and women can be infertile. That's why both partners should be examined and treated.

There are a lot of conditions that can cause problems with fertility in women. Some of them can be easily treated while others require complicated treatment. In this article, we have gathered seven gynecological disorders that can affect your fertility.

1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the inner uterine lining (the endometrium) spreads outside of the uterus. It can grow on the pelvic organs like the ovaries and fallopian tubes and interfere with conception. The most common symptoms of endometriosis include painful periods, pain during sex, and lower back pain. Even though there is no cure for endometriosis, certain treatment options can help ease your symptoms and even improve your chances to get pregnant.

2. Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis occurs when the endometrium grows inside the uterine walls. It can cause problems with fertility as well as heavy and painful periods. Adenomyosis can lead to the enlargement of the uterus that can result in pelvic pressure. Many women with adenomyosis also have endometriosis. If you want to improve your condition, it is essential to undergo treatment.

3. Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which a woman has numerous cysts on the ovaries. PCOS is caused by an increased level of male hormones in women. Symptoms of this condition usually include infertility, acne, increased body hair growth, male-pattern baldness, and weight gain. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this condition. Treatment options for PCOS are aimed at improving your symptoms.

4. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that develop on the uterine walls. Some women with fibroids don't have any symptoms while others can experience lower back pain, pelvic pressure, pain during sex, spotting, and heavy periods. If uterine fibroids grow near the fallopian tubes, they can block the tubes. As a result, the sperm can't reach the egg and fertilization doesn't occur. If you have noticed at least some of the aforementioned symptoms, visit a top fibroid doctor for timely and proper treatment.

5. Cervical stenosis

Cervical stenosis is a condition that occurs when the cervix (a passage between the vagina and the uterus) becomes too narrow or completely closed. This condition can manifest itself through the accumulation of blood inside the uterus that can result in infection, sporadic bleeding, or pelvic pain. Cervical stenosis can also cause problems with fertility, especially if the cervix is closed. Women with cervical stenosis are also more prone to develop endometriosis.

6. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition that develops if vaginal infections are not treated in time. Bacterial vaginosis and certain sexually transmitted infections are the most common causes of pelvic inflammatory disease. Symptoms of PID include:

  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge with a strong odor
  • Spotting
  • Pain during sex
  • Severe periods
  • Fertility issues

Pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to the development of scars and adhesions that can block the fallopian tubes and lead to infertility. Even though PID can be treated with the help of antibiotics, there is no cure for these scars and adhesions. That's why it is better to start treatment as early as possible.

7. Primary ovarian insufficiency

Primary ovarian insufficiency, also known as premature ovarian failure, is a condition in which the ovaries stop working before menopause. The symptoms of this condition are similar to the signs of menopause. A woman with primary ovarian insufficiency can experience hot flashes, irregular or missed periods, vaginal dryness, low sex drive, and infertility. There's no treatment to restore fertility but certain medications can help manage other symptoms of this condition.

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Wednesday, 22 May 2024