7 Facts to Know about Hernia

7-Facts-to-Know-about-Hernia

 A hernia is a widespread medical problem. It occurs when a portion of an organ bulges through the tissue or muscle that usually holds it in place, allowing the organ to travel where it does not belong.

Over 600,000 hernia repair operations are performed annually by surgeons in the United States. Hernias can affect males, women, and children.

Because hernias are so frequent, your surgeon may want you to understand seven key facts about them.

1. There Are Different Kinds Of Hernias

Hernias are most commonly found in the abdomen but can also form in the groin, upper thigh, or belly button.

Here are the primary types of hernias in adults:

Inguinal Hernia

This happens when the intestines or a fat pocket expands through a weak muscle in the inguinal canal of the abdominal wall. In men, this canal holds the testicles in place; in women, it supports the uterus.

Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when a part of your stomach bulges through the diaphragm and into your chest cavity.

Femoral Hernia

A femoral hernia occurs when fatty tissue or a portion of the intestine bulges into the outer groin. It is more common in women than in men.

Incisional Hernia

An incisional hernia occurs after abdominal surgery when a portion of your intestines pushes through a surgical incision or the weaker muscles surrounding it.

2. Hernias Can Result From Strain

Certain types of inguinal hernias develop when the abdominal muscles weaken due to physical strain or aging. Approximately 25% of males and 2% of women acquire an inguinal hernia during their lifetimes.

As performed by construction workers and weightlifters, heavy lifting is a common cause of inguinal hernias.

3. Certain Factors Raise Hernia Risk

The following things enhance the risk of a hernia:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity or excess weight
  • Chronic constipation
  • Straining to urinate, especially as the result of having an enlarged prostate
  • Family history of hernias
  • Frequently lifting heavy objects
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic cough, especially a smoker's cough

4. Hernias Can Cause A Range Of Symptoms

Hernia symptoms can vary greatly. This may include:

  • Chest pain
  • A bulge in your groin
  • Lifting, straining, exercising, passing a bowel movement, or coughing causes groin pain that goes away when you rest.
  • Swelling, itching, aching, heaviness, burning, or other symptoms in the groin or scrotum.
  • Difficulty urinating, constipation, unexplained nausea or vomiting.
  • Unusual burping, belching, heartburn, difficulty swallowing, or pain in the throat or esophagus.

5. Hernias Requires Repair

People may postpone hernia repair because they do not want to take time off work or do not believe the hernia is a significant health issue. However, if left untreated, hernias can create serious complications.

A hernia, for example, might cut off blood flow to the intestines, resulting in potentially fatal complications.

6. Hernia Repair May Be Simpler Than You Think

Most hernias can now be repaired with tools and techniques that require only minor incisions, thanks to advancements in minimally invasive surgery such as laparoscopic and robotic-assisted procedures.

These surgical treatments produce outstanding results while reducing the risk of infection, scarring, blood loss, and other complications compared to open surgery.

7. Hernia surgery is necessary to fix the problem truly

Hernias do not heal on their own and typically worsen over time.

Whether or not you develop them is mainly determined by your genetics. Many people are born with holes or weak areas in their fascia; as they age, those holes might increase, or the tissue weakens, allowing a portion of an organ, such as the lower intestine, to protrude through muscle. An inguinal hernia, the most common type, affects the groin and can cause pain, especially while bending or lifting.

However, not all hernias require emergency surgery. Small ones can frequently be watched. Patients should just pay close attention to their symptoms. Swelling and more significant pain may indicate that a hernia is growing. Redness, nausea, and vomiting may also indicate hernia strangling, a potentially fatal consequence in which the blood supply to the herniated internal organ is cut off.

Stop Suffering In Silence

Don't wait any longer to have your hernia fixed. Your surgeon may treat your hernia and get you back on track quickly.

If you suspect you have a hernia, schedule a consultation with a proper surgeon, who you can find by searching "best hernia surgeons near me."

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Tuesday, 21 May 2024