7 Facts About Gum Disease That You Should Be Aware Of


Gum disease is a condition that occurs when the number of bacteria in your mouth increases significantly and leads to the development of infection. Even though this condition is extremely common, there are a lot of misconceptions about gum disease. These misconceptions can complicate diagnosis, treatment, and a general understanding of this serious condition. That's why we have gathered these seven facts about gum disease that you should be aware of.

1. Gum disease is extremely common

Many people believe that gum disease affects only the elderly or heavy smokers. Even though aging and tobacco use can increase your risk of getting gum disease, many young people and even kids that don't smoke can develop this condition. Unfortunately, many people don't pay significant attention to the condition of their oral cavities. This leads to the development of various conditions including gum disease.

2. Gum bleeding and redness can indicate gum disease

There is a common misconception that mild gum redness and bleeding are completely normal, especially if they occur during tooth brushing. But the truth is that healthy gums shouldn't bleed. So if you have noticed that your gums become red, swollen, tender, and bleeding, it's high time to make an appointment with the dentist. You should understand that the earlier you start gum disease treatment, the more effective it will be.

3. Gum disease is caused by bacteria

As mentioned above, gum disease occurs because of bacteria overgrowth. This means that the increased number of bacteria infects your gums and leads to the development of inflammation. Since poor oral hygiene is deemed the most common cause of bacteria overgrowth, people who don't brush and floss their teeth properly are more likely to develop gum disease. That's why proper oral hygiene is extremely important. Don't forget to brush your teeth twice a day, use dental floss daily, and use a mouthwash.

4. Some factors can increase your risk of gum disease

Indeed, bacteria are the only cause of gum disease. However, some people have an increased risk of gum disease. As mentioned above, smoking and aging can make you more prone to bacteria overgrowth. However, hormonal imbalance, heredity, obesity, poor nutrition, teeth grinding, and certain medications can also contribute to gum disease. So if you have at least one of these risk factors, you need to be more careful with your gums and don't skip dental exams at least twice a year.

5. Gum disease can affect your overall health

Many people believe that gum disease can affect only your gums. However, there are many other complications that can have a negative impact on your overall health. For example, people with untreated gum disease have an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, stroke, heart disease, and respiratory infections. Additionally, gum disease can lead to tooth loss that can result in problems with digestion and self-esteem.

6. Gum disease is not always curable

There are two stages of gum disease, gingivitis, and periodontitis. Gingivitis usually manifests through gum redness, bleeding, swelling, as well as bad breath, and mild gum recession. This stage can be cured with the help of proper oral hygiene, certain medications, and non-invasive treatments. Without timely and effective treatment, gingivitis can progress and turn into periodontitis. It usually leads to loose teeth, pus between the teeth, gum pockets, and tooth loss. Unfortunately, periodontitis can't be cured completely, but certain treatment options can help manage its symptoms and prevent the development of severe complications.

7. Gum disease can be prevented

It is important to understand that it is much easier to prevent most conditions rather than treat them. If you want to reduce your risk of getting gum disease you need to pay sufficient attention to your oral care. This means that you need to maintain proper oral hygiene, eat a healthy diet, get rid of bad habits, and visit a dentist on a regular basis. 

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Friday, 19 April 2024